France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories augment French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a whole area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic bearing in mind its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. further major urban areas supplement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late center Ages, once its victory in the Hundred Years’ clash (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of innovative history’s obsolete republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took knack and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. past the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating next the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World stroke I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World encounter II, but came under goings-on by the Axis powers in 1940. past liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and difficult dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into account most retaining near economic and military connections like France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving re 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequent to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, creature one of the five surviving members of the associated Nations Security Council next the gift to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot state of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the bureau of 7, North Atlantic deal supervision (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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camino frances map about the book this interactive map is a companion to bryson guptill s book camino frances a practical guide to walking the pilgrim s path from france to spain jakobsweg hauptroute camino frances wandermap jakobsweg hauptroute camino frances distance 734 97 km elevation 10730 hm location uhart cize aquitaine france wandermap ist eine der grossten sammlungen an wanderrouten im web wanderrouten konnen auf karten gezeichnet oder vom gps gerat hochgeladen werden camino frances map camino french way map caminoways com we have created this handy interactive camino frances map so you can easily click and see some of the most important stops along this unesco listed heritage route followed by pilgrims from all over the globe since the middle ages camino de santiago maps download camino frances map download camino de santiago maps for the camino frances as a pdf or view on the page these are daily stage maps and elevations for the camino frances from st jean to santiago camino frances map camino frances stages camino de the route the camino frances or the french way begins on the french side of the pyrenees in saint jean pied de port from there it runs across the pyrenees and continues through the north of spain all the way to santiago de compostela creating a walk that is overall almost 800km in length camino frances route planner stages map french way lll plan the camino frances route map stages starting at st jean pied de port french way pilgrimage for the most popular camino de santiago the camino frances routes stages maps official the camino frances is the route of the camino de santiago par excellence it is the most traditional and most popular route the camino frances is the most well known path in the world to a large extent because it is recognised on the unesco world heritage list