Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the land be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older before its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify on a spectrum rather than in the manner of a bright dividing line. The geographic border with Europe and Asia does not follow any let pass boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are with transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient chronicles and the introduction of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the highly developed era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, in this area all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to open-minded economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most share in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, when a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into consideration the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a sever embassy entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes border and immigration controls in the course of most of its aficionada states.
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euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1600 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1600 map europe 17th century stock photos and images alamy com 17th century map of europe published in 1700 this map by the dutch cartographer frederick de witt 1630 1706 shows the latest knowledge of the geography of europe historical maps of europe edmaps com a collection of historical maps covering the european history from its beginning to our days category 17th century maps of europe wikimedia commons this category has the following 53 subcategories out of 53 total 1600s maps of europe 32 c category maps of 17th century europe wikimedia commons media in category maps of 17th century europe the following 12 files are in this category out of 12 total historical maps of russia edmaps com east europe in the first half of the 17th century vladimir nikolaev east europe in the second half of the 17th century vladimir nikolaev historical map of siberia xvith xviith centuries 16th 17th century maps 16th 17th century maps the awakening of interest in geography in europe started with the need to find new trade routes to the far east this was very much inspired by the rediscovery of ptolemy s geographia category maps of 18th century europe wikimedia commons media in category maps of 18th century europe the following 163 files are in this category out of 163 total 17th century wikipedia the 17th century was the century that lasted from january 1 1601 to december 31 1700 it falls into the early modern period of europe and in that continent whose impact on the world was increasing was characterized by the baroque cultural movement the latter part of the spanish golden age the dutch golden age the french grand siecle history of europe the emergence of modern europe 1500 the emergence of modern europe 1500 1648 economy and society the 16th century was a period of vigorous economic expansion this expansion in turn played a major role in the many other transformations social political and cultural of the early modern age