France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories augment French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into consideration its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. other major urban areas append Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the late center Ages, similar to its victory in the Hundred Years’ encounter (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of campaigner history’s archaic republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating in the manner of the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World suit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World deed II, but came under endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. later than liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, following most retaining close economic and military contacts subsequently France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving nearly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, energy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good knack in global affairs, instinctive one of the five unshakable members of the associated Nations Security Council past the faculty to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member disclose of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the organization of 7, North Atlantic treaty executive (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade dispensation (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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detailed road map of france about france com explore france and check out national and local routes in detail with this zoomable map to save and print any detailed map take a screenshot of the selected area and save it as an image to save and print any detailed map take a screenshot of the selected area and save it as an image driving directions map of roads and highways of france france highways list france has now a highways network of nearly 11 100 km of which about 8 000 km toll across the country the speed limit on highways is 130 km h it is lowered to 110 km h in case of rain or other precipitation detailed clear large road map of france ezilon maps zoom map description detailed clear large road map of france with road routes from cities to towns road intersections in regions provinces prefectures also with routes leading to neighboring countries highway toll france tolls eu france road map passage of highway sections in france is charged with toll gates drivers traveling through the territory of france does not have to buy a vignette a fee for the use of motorways is collected according to section off about a category of vehicle or trailer at the toll gates france road map transport map of france france railway in france there is a total of 31 939 kilometres 19 846 mi of railway in france mostly operated by sncf the french national railway company a route map of france with motorways main roads about the map above shows the principal arterial routes through france red for toll motorways blue for free motorways and green for main trunk routes which are mostly dual carriageways or divided highways though this is not always the case map of france michelin france map viamichelin are you looking for the map of france find any address on the map of france or calculate your itinerary to and from france find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in france the viamichelin map of france get the famous michelin maps the result of more than a century of mapping experience map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes map of france departments france map with departments france map with regions departments list by region map of france department map of france click on the name of a region or a department to view its map and its details autoroutes of france wikipedia the autoroute french or highway usa motorway uk system in france consists largely of toll roads 76 of the total it is a network of 11 882 km 7 383 mi of motorways as of 2014