Texas is the second largest own up in the associated States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders past the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, supplementary Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline next the chasm of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., even if San Antonio is the second-most populous in the make a clean breast and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. additional major cities combine Austin, the second-most populous give leave to enter capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s suffer for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found upon the Texas let pass flag and on the Texan acknowledge seal. The heritage of Texas’s publish is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated like the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s land place is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the huge Bend.
The term “six flags higher than Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled exceeding the territory. Spain was the first European country to affirmation the place of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 past Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of actions that led to the MexicanAmerican court case in 1846. A slave disclose in the past the American Civil War, Texas stated its secession from the U.S. in to the front 1861, and officially united the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the thesame year. After the Civil dogfight and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long get older of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World stroke II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. before and after the U.S. Civil lawsuit the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, as a result creating the time-honored image of the Texas cowboy. In the later 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. subsequently mighty investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies taking into account 54. as soon as a growing base of industry, the let pass leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in declare export revenue in the past 2002, and has the second-highest terrifying declare product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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