Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory along with includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the lonely European country to have a bodily link up in the same way as an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are with ration of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little land boundary in the same way as Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; further major urban areas augment Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula approximately 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along bearing in mind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman believe to be on 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician state Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and standard relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly integrate every enduring independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the to the fore eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to believe to be most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect on your own a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting going on to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering epoch across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the foundation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to outlook the invasion. considering the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to the fore modern period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were moreover many advancements in the arts, next world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish scholastic work, Don Quixote, was with published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, subsequently King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high pension country, gone the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a advocate of the joined Nations (UN), the European union (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the executive of Ibero-American States (OEI), the devotion for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence management (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improve (OECD), giving out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade handing out (WTO) and many additional international organisations. while not an credited member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto enthusiast of the group.
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map of kingdom of spain planetware the kingdom of spain is known for both its cultural and natural attractions with beautiful beaches and mountains as well as castles and medieval villages where is spain kingdom of spain maps mapsof net location of spain detailed interactive and static maps of spain and satellite images for spain kingdom of spain maps a map of the kingdoms of spain and portugal asommer de map shows total spain with portugal and the balearic island of mallorca menorca and ibiza with a decorative title cartouche with coat of arms the kingdoms of spain 1492 themaparchive com the christian kingdoms of iberia vied with each other for dominance and occasionally formed alliances by the beginning of the 15th century four kingdoms were dominant castile permanently united with leon from 1230 aragon navarre and portugal maps of the spanish kingdoms 1030 a d 1556 a d perry map collection maps of the spanish kingdoms 1030 a d 1556 a d the following maps are from the atlas to freeman s historical geography edited by j b bury longmans green and co the kingdoms of spain 910 themaparchive com in 910 much of the iberian peninsula was governed by muslims from the maghreb moors and was known as al andalus the muslim occupation of parts of the iberia peninsula dates to the umayyad victory over the visigoths in 711 historical maps of spain and portugal edmaps com the spanish kingdoms in 1030 e freeman the historical geography of europe 1903 caliphate of cordoba cca 1000 spain in 1037 william shepherd historical atlas 1926 spain wikipedia spain spanish espana esʲˈpaɲa officially the kingdom of spain spanish reino de espana is a country mostly located in europe its continental european territory is situated on the iberian peninsula spain and portugal history 750 ce timemaps com the christian kingdom of asturias was able to take advantage of the civil war in muslim spain to seize much additional territory for itself the kings moved their capital to the newly conquered city of leon and style themselves kings of leon history of spain wikipedia the history of spain dates back to the middle ages in 1516 habsburg spain unified a number of disparate predecessor kingdoms its modern form of a constitutional monarchy was introduced in 1813 and the current democratic constitution dates to 1978