France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories improve French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a whole place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic later than its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. new major urban areas tally up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the tardy middle Ages, as soon as its victory in the Hundred Years’ dogfight (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars along with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of open-minded history’s primordial republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and conventional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. behind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating once the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World combat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World combat II, but came under endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. once liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and difficult dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the manner of most retaining close economic and military contacts like France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly speaking 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country gone the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capability in global affairs, monster one of the five remaining members of the associated Nations Security Council next the talent to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate divulge of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the group of 7, North Atlantic concurrence government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go ahead (OECD), the World Trade admin (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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guide to the chateaux of the loire valley tripsavvy com the loire valley of france found between the towns of tours and blois offers a fascinating landscape of vineyards forests gardens and stately chateaux singular chateau map of loire valley hotels and attractions on a loire map of loire valley area hotels locate loire valley hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals loire valley map plus information loire valley map centre val de loire showing the principle towns and cities plus the villages with a chateau or point of interest loire valley map france mapcarta the loire valley is a major tourist destination within france the loire valley embraces extensive parts of two central and western french regions renowned for its world famous chateaux such as at amboise montsoreau villandry azay le rideau chambord chateaux du pin and chenonceaux loire valley castles map the top seven castles on the map locate loire valley castles on loire valley map amboise azay le rideau chambord cheverny blois amboise chenonceaux loire valley the garden of france is a world heritage site by unesco the loire valley cycle route in france la loire a velo is a unique 800km cycle route it forms the western section of the eurovelo 6 route linking black sea to atlantic a large stretch of the loire is a unesco world heritage site in parts it s also known as france s valley of the kings and as the garden of france loire valley area map by provence beyond map of the loire valley area in france with map locations for tours blois orleans chambord angers chenonceaux bourges amboise chinon le mans chaumont sur loire valley wikipedia the loire valley french vallee de la loire pronounced vale də la lwaʁ spanning 280 kilometres 170 mi is located in the middle stretch of the loire river in central france in both the administrative regions pays de la loire and centre val de loire loire valley 2019 best of loire valley tourism tripadvisor old world villages and storybook chateaux bedeck the loire once fought over by gauls romans visigoths and even attila the hun rent bikes and roll through the lush valley visiting fortresses in amboise and angers unesco designated chartres cathedral and the gothic cathedral in nantes 10 best chateaux of the loire valley in france the chateau de chambord may just hold the crown as the best chateau in loire valley as the biggest chateau in france and the most magnificent it was constructed by king francois i in 1519 as a purpose built hunting lodge and to impress foreign dignitaries