Europe is a continent located certainly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies monster geography, the home be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old since its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise on a spectrum rather than past a bright dividing line. The geographic attach surrounded by Europe and Asia does not follow any give leave to enter boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are with transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of more or less 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration period marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the modern era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, in the region of all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to liberal economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a fade away in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the associated States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in imitation of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequently the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European hold (EU), a separate diplomatic entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet bond in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionado states.
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map of europe during the 15th century emersonkent com map description historical map of europe during the 15th century illustrating the countries left uncolored were inhabited by mohammedans and other non christians europe map 15th century worldmap1 com at europe map 15th century pagepage view political map of europe physical map country maps satellite images photos and where is europe location in world map europe map 15th century istanbul city guide com explore europe map 15th century europe countries map satellite images of europe cities maps political physical map of europe get driving directions and traffic map europe map 15th century gnd11 com at europe karte 15th century pagepage view politisch karte von europe physisch map country maps satellit bilder photos and wo ist europe location in world karte europe during the 15th century gifex map from page 22 of the public schools historical atlas by charles colbeck longmans green new york london bombay 1905 source the public schools historical atlas by charles colbeck category 15th century maps of europe wikimedia commons media in category 15th century maps of europe the following 6 files are in this category out of 6 total maps trade and economy in the 15th century diercke trade and economy in the 15th century the map shows patterns of trade and commerce in europe at the end of a medieval expansion phase trade was largely in the hands of the hanseatic league primarily in central europe and the north and baltic sea regions and the italian city republics most notably venice and genoa primarily in the historical maps of the holy roman empire edmaps com europe carolingienne vidal lablache atlas general d histoire et de geographie 1912 the empire of charlemagne b smith the century atlas of the world 1900 map of europe during the 14th century emersonkent com map description historical map of europe during the 14th century illustrating among others portugal castile leon granada aragon navarre aquitaine france 15th century wikipedia in europe the 15th century is seen as the bridge between the late middle ages the early renaissance and the early modern period many technological social and cultural developments of the 15th century can in retrospect be seen as heralding the european miracle of the following centuries