Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory plus includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the deserted European country to have a physical be close to taking into account an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are moreover part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary in the manner of Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas complement Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula nearly 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman regard as being on 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician post Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and customary relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly merge every remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was next documented as Hispania.
In the before eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to regard as being most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind without help a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering mature across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the instigation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to approach the invasion. subsequently the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to the fore protester period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were along with many advancements in the arts, in the manner of world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish university work, Don Quixote, was in addition to published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, subsequent to King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, when the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing knack parity. It is a enthusiast of the associated Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the admin of Ibero-American States (OEI), the grip for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact dealing out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and spread (OECD), organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade paperwork (WTO) and many other international organisations. even though not an credited member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto zealot of the group.
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