France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a mass area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic behind its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. additional major urban areas supplement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy middle Ages, later than its victory in the Hundred Years’ war (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of forward looking history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating next the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World engagement I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World war II, but came under motion by the Axis powers in 1940. similar to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and vanguard dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the manner of most retaining near economic and military associates taking into account France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequently the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, brute one of the five enduring members of the united Nations Security Council afterward the capacity to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter divulge of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the charity of 7, North Atlantic harmony government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move ahead (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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france neighboring countries map quiz game france s borders with germany italy and spain are readily visible on most maps there are however three other independent countries bordering france that you might have to look a little closer to find map of france and neighbouring countries and travel france the flag of france is blue white and red ppt download neighbouring countries of france canal boating holiday neighbouring countries of france france is located in western europe and is surrounded by various countries and water masses to the west france is bounded by the channel the atlantic ocean and the bay of biscay neighbouring countries of france neighbouring countries com neighbouring countries of france france has 8 neighbouring countries there are 8 countries that are directly adjacent to france have a look at the neighbouring countries of france map of france with neighbouring countries free vector maps download fully editable map of france with neighbouring countries available in ai eps pdf svg jpg and png file formats what are the countries surrounding france reference com the countries that are immediately on the border of france are germany spain belgium switzerland luxembourg monaco italy and andorra france also has a total of 2 130 miles of coastline facing the english channel the atlantic ocean and the mediterranean sea what are the neighbouring countries of france answers com france are switezerland are neighbouring countries and share a border there are lots of ways to travel between them by road rail and air there are lots of ways to travel between them by road map of italy and neighbouring countries secretmuseum map of italy and neighbouring countries map of italy august 12 2019 12 49 italy is a european country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the italian alps and surrounded by several islands neighbouring countries of germany neighbouring countries com neighbouring countries of germany germany has 9 neighbouring countries information on neighbouring countries of germany austria belgium czech republic denmark france luxembourg netherlands poland switzerland neighbouring countries of germany interactive map simply click the numbered red markers to open the respective country neighbouring countries of germany 1 austria 2 belgium 3 what are the neighboring countries of france answers com the vikings attacked france for the same reason that they attacked all their other neighboring countries space they were quickly growing out of scandinavia and needed more land