France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories intensify French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic like its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. new major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the late center Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years’ raid (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of ahead of its time history’s earliest republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took knack and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequently the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating afterward the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World war I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World stroke II, but came below motion by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequently liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and future dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, like most retaining near economic and military links like France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving approaching 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, energy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capability in global affairs, visceral one of the five long-lasting members of the joined Nations Security Council in the same way as the knack to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionado declare of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the help of 7, North Atlantic pact organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and fee (OECD), the World Trade direction (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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travel guide to france s beloved provence tripsavvy com provence is one of the most beloved historic territories in france use this map of provence cities to make the most of your visit map of provence lonelyplanet com map of provence and travel information about provence brought to you by lonely planet france regions map by provence beyond map of metropolitan france showing the 13 new regions before the change of january 2016 there were 28 regions including 21 metropolitan and 7 overseas regions map of provence and the cote d azur region of france provence is the region of southern france that stretches from the mediterranean sea up to the french alps the city of arles is located in the provence region provence france google my maps account options sign in open full screen to view more map of provence alpes cote d azur michelin provence map of provence alpes cote d azur are you looking for the map of provence alpes cote d azur find any address on the map of provence alpes cote d azur or calculate your itinerary to and from provence alpes cote d azur find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in provence alpes cote d azur map of france france regions rough guides regions of france click the links below to find out about your chosen region maps of provence and french riviera provence web maps provence and french riviera click on the tourist map of the provence alpes cote d azur region to discover detailed maps of the 7 departements that make up provence and the riviera find the towns and villages of provence and the riviera on the maps of the region and discover the leisure activities visits excursions and descriptions for each of these villages the cities towns and areas of provence gites in france two of france s national parks are located in haute provence the luberon le luberon regional park a band of hills and mountains running east from the rhone valley to the alps between the river durance and the department of the drome from cavaillon to manosque map of france regions france map with regions the region constitutes the first level of division of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history some of these regions roughly correspond to the current regions