Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the abandoned European country to have a creature connect subsequently an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are next allowance of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little land boundary considering Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas improve Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula re 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along following ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman deem on 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician state Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and standard relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together every surviving independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the upfront eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to believe to be most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect by yourself a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the instigation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to point the invasion. taking into account the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to the lead modern period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were also many advancements in the arts, in the same way as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish speculative work, Don Quixote, was afterward published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the manner of King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high allowance country, once the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a devotee of the united Nations (UN), the European sticking together (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the dispensation of Ibero-American States (OEI), the bond for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal giving out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), presidency for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade supervision (WTO) and many new international organisations. though not an certified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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map of the balearic islands majorca minorca ibiza map map of spain map of spain is a site dedicated to providing royalty free maps of spain maps of spanish cities and links of maps to buy map of balearic islands lonelyplanet com map of balearic islands and travel information about balearic islands brought to you by lonely planet balearic islands map geography of balearic islands map balearic islands description the balearic islands an autonomous division of spain are one of the most popular holiday destinations in all of europe balearic islands maps spain maps of balearic islands c 2012 2019 ontheworldmap com free printable maps all right reserved mallorca maps and orientation mallorca balearic islands mallorca also frequently referred to as majorca is sited within the mediterranean sea and the biggest of the balearic islands with other significant balearics in terms of size and popularity being formentera ibiza and menorca spain map large clear plus balearics canary bugbog best tourist season april october tho the coasts and islands are often fine and fairly warm in winter the north and mountains are cooler and marginally less crowded in the summer balearic islands wikipedia between 2016 and 2017 people from other parts of spain moved to the balearics while the foreign population declined by 2 000 in 2007 there were 29 189 germans 19 803 british 17 935 moroccans 13 100 ecuadoreans 11 933 italians and 11 129 argentines the numbers of germans british and south americans declined between 2007 and 2017 while the largest increasing populations were the menorca map balearic islands spain mapcarta menorca is the second largest of the balearic islands located to the northeast of mallorca and is the least overrun and most tranquil of the balearics how to travel to the balearic islands travel leisure this popular region of spain includes majorca ibiza menorca and formentera here s how to plan and enjoy a trip to the archipelago balearic islands history capital population facts balearic islands archipelago in the western mediterranean sea and an autonomous community of spain coextensive with the spanish province of the same name the balearic islands autonomous community was established by the statute of autonomy of 1983 palma is the capital