Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as a consequence includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the unaided European country to have a visceral connect when an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are as a consequence portion of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary next Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas count Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula in the region of 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along subsequent to ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman deem on the order of 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician post Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly integrate every enduring independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the to the fore eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to deem most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind lonely a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting in the works to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering mature across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the instigation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to direction the invasion. in the manner of the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the further on highly developed period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were in addition to many advancements in the arts, in the manner of world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish researcher work, Don Quixote, was after that published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, later King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, gone the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing faculty parity. It is a aficionado of the allied Nations (UN), the European sticking to (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the doling out of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking to for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence giving out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and money up front (OECD), organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade dispensation (WTO) and many new international organisations. even though not an attributed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto devotee of the group.
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rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines spain railway map world maps description this map shows railways in spain go back to see more maps of spain maps of spain spain maps cities autonomous communities spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation openrailwaymap openrailwaymap an openstreetmap based project for creating a map of the world s railway infrastructure europe railway map interrail eu the interrail railway map is a great resource for planning the perfect itinerary check out some examples of spectacular european itineraries you can experience with an interrail pass follow one or more of our itineraries or use parts of them to create your own renfe rail network map getspain spain com the official renfe website even when translated into english is not the easiest of sites to navigate over the years we have found that one of the most common searches people make about the renfe network is for renfe maps so that they can work out rail routes across spain train connections in spain map ave and times spain long distance trains spain s railway network connects practically the whole country by train it is made up of long distance and mid distance trains and is a comfortable way to travel the spanish rail system routes and costs until relatively recently spain did not have the best of train systems being the second most mountainous country in europe it was often difficult to link certain cities due the mountains and hills in the way the resulting railway system often involved winding tracks and slow trains rail transport in spain wikipedia rail transport in spain operates on four rail gauges and services are operated by a variety of private and public operators the total route length in 2012 was 16 026 km 10 182 km electrified the total route length in 2012 was 16 026 km 10 182 km electrified spain maps maps of spain about spain spain is located in the south west of europe on the iberian peninsula it shares borders with france and andorra on its north and with portugal on its west