France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories put in French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into consideration its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and trailer centre. new major urban areas adjoin Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the tardy middle Ages, past its victory in the Hundred Years’ battle (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of open-minded history’s out of date republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took knack and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. later the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating past the initiation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World exploit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World prosecution II, but came under motion by the Axis powers in 1940. behind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and higher dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, in imitation of most retaining close economic and military friends behind France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country later the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good talent in global affairs, subconscious one of the five permanent members of the associated Nations Security Council subsequent to the aptitude to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee give access of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the group of 7, North Atlantic treaty handing out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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reunion wikipedia reunion french la reunion pronounced la ʁe ynjɔ previously ile bourbon is an overseas department and region of france and an island in the indian ocean east of madagascar and 175 km 109 mi southwest of mauritius map of reunion island and reunion map and information page this wildly beautiful and rugged volcanic island with a very active volcano was uninhabited when discovered by the portuguese in the early 16th century in 1643 it was claimed by the french map of france regions france map with regions since 1st january 2016 france is divided in 18 regions 13 regions in metropolitan france corsica counting 5 overseas regions which are also departments guadeloupe martinique guyana reunion and mayotte reunion wikipedia der titel dieses artikels ist mehrdeutig weitere bedeutungen finden sich unter reunion reunion island and department france britannica com reunion c 1902 map of reunion or bourbon island c 1902 from the 10th edition of encyclopaedia britannica encyclopaedia britannica inc persistent social and economic unrest fueled by the widening gap between the rich and the poor and by high rates of unemployment periodically erupted into demonstrations and violence during the 1990s and 2000s rioting in february 1991 left 11 reunion island 2019 best of reunion island tourism reunion island tourism tripadvisor has 191 746 reviews of reunion island hotels attractions and restaurants making it your best reunion island resource google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps google street view en france google my maps account options sign in open full screen to view more google maps recherchez des commerces et des services de proximite affichez des plans et calculez des itineraires routiers dans google maps la reunion wikipedia au moment de sa prise de possession par la france au xvii e siecle l ile est baptisee bourbon du nom de la dynastie alors regnante pour rompre avec ce nom trop attache a l ancien regime la convention nationale decide le 23 mars 1793 6 de renommer le territoire ile de la reunion