France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories attach French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. extra major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the late middle Ages, in imitation of its victory in the Hundred Years’ suit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military knack in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of forward looking history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the manner of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating subsequent to the initiation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World feat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World combat II, but came below pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. next liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and unconventional dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, as soon as most retaining near economic and military connections subsequently France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in relation to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country following the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, moving picture expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good aptitude in global affairs, creature one of the five unshakable members of the allied Nations Security Council afterward the power to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer make a clean breast of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the group of 7, North Atlantic harmony doling out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and development (OECD), the World Trade handing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of ypres michelin ypres map viamichelin ypres map ypres michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 ypres wikipedia ypres occupied a strategic position during the first world war because it stood in the path of germany s planned sweep across the rest of belgium and into france from the north the schlieffen plan map of belgium ypres battlefields tour 18 ypres occupied a strategic position during world war i because it stood in the path of germany s planned sweep across the rest of belgium and into france from the north the schlieffen plan ypres the menin gate and the last post ceremony map of ypres showing main sites the menin gate the menin gate the menin gate the menin gate at night photo sam jennings one of the most important sites in the whole of the ypres salient is the menin gate one of the memorials to the missing as well as a place to visit in its own right every single evening of the year at 8 pm the last post is played at the menin gate in ypres the ypres trench maps oldmapsonline org trench maps of the battle front in france and belgium ypres trench maps of the battle front in belgium and parts of france scale 1 20 000 ypres map detailed maps for the city of ypres viamichelin ypres map ypres michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 ypres ieper belgium google my maps visit www oldstratforduponavon com ypres to see some old postcards of this belgian town ww1 the ypres salient battlefields belgium within the first few months of the outbreak of the great war the ypres salient witnessed the first of several major battles to occur there before the war ended on 11 november 1918 the 10 best things to do in ieper ypres 2019 with book your tickets online for the top things to do in ieper ypres belgium on tripadvisor see 20 582 traveller reviews and photos of ieper ypres tourist attractions find what to do today this weekend or in september we have reviews of the best places to see in ieper ypres visit top rated must see attractions cemeteries and locations on the ww1 ypres salient from there they could be evacuated by rail to the base hospitals in france such as boulogne on the french coast brandhoek military cemetery was begun in may 1915 during the second battle of ypres the cemetery was closed in july 1917 after the new military cemetery no 3 was opened from august 1917 the cemetery contains 669 first world war burials all but three of these are identified as