Europe is a continent located certainly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies subconscious geography, the house attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise upon a spectrum rather than once a bright dividing line. The geographic be close to in the midst of Europe and Asia does not follow any allow in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are afterward transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of more or less 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the end of ancient records and the dawn of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advanced era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the middle of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, going on for all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to enlightened economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a halt in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the associated States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, subsequent to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, as soon as the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies in the company of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the fall of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls in the midst of most of its believer states.
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old maps of europe old maps of europe on old maps online discover the past of europe on historical maps history of europe in 200 bce after alexander the great the map shows the history of europe in 200 bce in the eastern mediterranean the greek city states have experienced a glorious period of cultural progress but also of intense in fighting in the western mediterranean there is a new power on the rise rome ancient history maps ancient history encyclopedia map of the roman empire a highly zoomable and detailed map of the roman empire and the classical world created by the pelagios project it covers the entire mediterranean britain mesopotamia and parts of persia only locations that existed in classical antiquity are shown and there is no political overlay maps of europe s ancient tribes kingdoms and y dna another post for map fans new maps showing snapshots of europe s likely dominant or notable y dna haplogroups around 7000 bc 2000 bc 117 ad and 1227 ad euratlas history and geography of europe history of europe a sequence of 21 maps showing the european states as they were at the end of each century from 1 to 2000 29 ancient maps that show how our ancestors saw the world 29 ancient maps that show how our ancestors saw the world view gallery when earth s first people looked out around them they couldn t imagine how far the scope of the world extended beyond what stretched out before their own eyes ancient maps how did the romans see the world history hit the people of the ancient world understood the world according to what they observed and what they learned through education and folk tales while some cartographers and geographers made genuine and useful efforts to map territory some scholars of the day simply filled in the blanks