Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory furthermore includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the forlorn European country to have a living thing be next to gone an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are with part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary later than Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas improve Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula vis–vis 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along similar to ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman decide around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician pronounce Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and expected relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly unite every steadfast independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the beforehand eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to adjudicate most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect lonely a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting stirring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering times across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the launch of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion. past the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the early unprejudiced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were next many advancements in the arts, once world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish bookish work, Don Quixote, was in addition to published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, like King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high allowance country, taking into account the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing aptitude parity. It is a member of the joined Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the processing of Ibero-American States (OEI), the union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence presidency (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and spread (OECD), meting out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade doling out (WTO) and many extra international organisations. even if not an official member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionado of the group.
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ave trains in spain high speed rail routes the ave is the high speed train service in spain with most services running from madrid and a few going north from barcelona you can now reach seville valencia malaga and cordoba as well as travel between madrid and barcelona quicker than you could fly rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com in spain the highest speed trains are called ave alta velocidad espanola the line that runs from madrid to sevilla takes 2 5 hours to complete much of the distance traveled at nearly 186 miles per hour ave renfe national routes ave in spain ave madrid leon madrid valladolid palencia leon ave madrid seville madrid puerta de atocha ciudad real puertollano cordoba central seville ave high speed train spain fast trains and train routes with 3 100km of track the spanish high speed ave trains operate on the longest high speed network in europe running at speeds of up to 310 km h this extensive network allows for fast connections between cities in spain guide to the different types of renfe trains and routes in ave spain s fastest trains high speed connection between many large cities in spain and into france including madrid barcelona malaga seville valencia note the double decker euroduplex operates on the paris toulouse line train connections in spain map ave and times spain take a look at the map of main connections in spain for high speed trains ave and other long distance lines renfe spain pass a practical and convenient ticket for tourists this pass allows non residents to travel around spain by train renfe rail network map getspain spain com andalucia northern renfe map extremadura levante madrid renfe map book renfe trains to book a renfe train we have found it much easier to use the el corte inlges website especially as they often have promotions not available on the main renfe website renfe trains spain rail map train tickets routes using ave alvia and avant trains you can create the perfect trip around spain with this map a perfect starting point there are many more places to travel in spain by train including cordoba malaga and alicante spain train routes and map of spain eurail com example train route in spain visit spain s most popular cities on a single trip with eurail you can follow the suggested route below using a eurail spain pass 8 days within 2 months starting from 301 a beginner s guide to train travel in spain how to use see spain by train once upon a time spain had one of the most backward train networks in western europe now they have one of the best indeed one of my favourite rail systems