France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories augment French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a entire sum place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. other major urban areas adjoin Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the tardy center Ages, in the same way as its victory in the Hundred Years’ stroke (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of futuristic history’s very old republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and conventional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. with the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating behind the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World war I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World feat II, but came below occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. bearing in mind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and cutting edge dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, later most retaining near economic and military friends subsequently France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving regarding 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequently the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capability in global affairs, subconscious one of the five remaining members of the allied Nations Security Council once the gift to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter confess of the European union and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic settlement meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press on (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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paris arrondissements map and guide tripsavvy see the paris arrondissements or neighborhoods on a map of paris and get hotel and attraction advice and information map of paris arrondissements top arrondissement sights map of paris arrondissements booking com paris arrondissements map shows the 20 arrondissements of the city of lights since 1795 the arrondissements are the administrative districts of the city the city has 20 arrondissements numbered 1st to 20th each arrondissement has its own city hall in addition to the the central paris city hall the zip code in paris combines the code of the city paris map neighborhoods districts arrondissements paris map paris neighborhoods districts arrondissements and interactive street map with description of neighborhoods and areas and paris hotels by neighborhoods by number with suburbs banlieues map of paris 20 boroughs arrondissements districts you can find on this page a map showing paris arrondissements and a map presenting paris neighborhoods paris arrondissements districts are the administrative divisions that share paris in 20 municipal arrondissements paris arrondissements area map google my maps 13th arrondissement bibliotheque nationale de france 14th arrondissement montparnasse 15th arrondissement andre citroen france arrondissements of paris map quiz game paris is split up into twenty arrondissements these administrative districts have many official purposes one being that each arrondissement is assigned a unique two digit postal code suffix gard france arrondissements communes population gard france arrondissements communes with population statistics charts and maps home europe france france gard arrondissements the population of the arrondissements in the department of gard according to census results and latest official estimates name status population census arrondissements of france wikipedia an arrondissement french pronunciation aʁɔ dismɑ is a level of administrative division in france generally corresponding to the territory overseen by a subprefect