France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a gather together area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. other major urban areas tally Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy middle Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ dogfight (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of innovative history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and conventional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequent to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating afterward the initiation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World warfare II, but came under pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. past liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and superior dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into consideration most retaining near economic and military associates later France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving approaching 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country taking into consideration the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good talent in global affairs, innate one of the five enduring members of the allied Nations Security Council afterward the capacity to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member let in of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the activity of 7, North Atlantic harmony government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go ahead (OECD), the World Trade executive (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of french riviera viamichelin michelin route french riviera map french riviera michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 french riviera map and guide tripsavvy com the french riviera starts with france s largest resort town nice just to the west of nice center is the nice cote d azur airport close to town and a convenient arrival point to visit tourist destinations in the area french riviera map a clickable map of the french riviera cote d azur from menton to st tropez french riviera map the top sights and resorts paris digest the french riviera map locates the top sights of the french riviera antibes biot cannes eze menton monaco nice and saint paul de vence the french riviera is the sunniest region of france french riviera map a complete map of the french riviera again as the definitions vary so much we ll avoid trying to define anything but instead provide you with a map of the french riviera which shows the area of the south of france coastline on the map of the french riviera you ll also see two lines drawn out the french riviera map and towns to visit crabintheair com the french riviera is a perfect holiday destination filled with charming seaside towns scenic views and stunning beaches in this article you ll find a guide to all the main towns of the region and also a map of french riviera where i included all the towns mentioned