Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is not speaking from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is divided amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was more or less 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just under 4.8 million rouse in the Republic of Ireland and just exceeding 1.8 million enliven in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, later than several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but short-tempered climate which is clear of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the center Ages. Today, woodland makes up very nearly 10% of the island, compared once a European average of on top of 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate physical species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus entirely moderate, and winters are milder than customary for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The antediluvian evidence of human presence in Ireland is obsolete at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. in the same way as the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English declare did not extend greater than the comprehensive island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English declare was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was elongated during the 18th century. taking into account the Acts of linkage in 1801, Ireland became a portion of the allied Kingdom. A accomplishment of independence in the in the future 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish forgive State, which became increasingly sovereign higher than the in the same way as decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allowance of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland maxim much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided once a diplomatic concurrence in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland united the European Economic Community even if the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allowance of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant disturb on extra cultures, especially in the pitch of literature. alongside mainstream Western culture, a mighty indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features later that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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old maps of ireland old maps of ireland on old maps online discover the past of ireland on historical maps historic maps all island ireland map collections at the historical maps available on this application are from the 6 inch county series mapping and latterly the irish grid maps available cover the six counties of present day northern ireland counties antrim armagh down fermanagh londonderry and tyrone historic maps of ireland swilson info 1610 map of ireland by john speed 1610 map of leinster by john speed with detail of dublin city 1610 map of munster by john speed with detail of limerick and cork cities historical mapping osi ie a look back in time b etween 1829 and 1842 ordnance survey ireland completed the first ever large scale survey of an entire country acclaimed for their accuracy these maps are regarded by cartographers as amongst the finest ever produced free maps of ireland wesleyjohnston com historical maps all these are taken from the history section of this site ice age ireland map showing the extent of the ice coverage in ireland as well as the locations of the lower coastline and glacial landforms search the proni historical maps viewer nidirect search and browse a range of historical ordnance survey of northern ireland osni maps and find information on sites buildings and landmarks of historical interest atlas of ireland wikimedia commons the wikimedia atlas of the world is an organized and commented collection of geographical political and historical maps available at wikimedia commons ireland is a sovereign state which covers approximately five sixths of the island of ireland off the coast of north west europe the state s old maps of northern ireland a map of the county of armagh with the harbours of dundalk and carlingford this is a map of north east ireland dating from 1600 an inset in the lower right hand corner shows the fortification of fort mount norris ordnance survey ireland osi 19th century historical maps a collection of mainly 19th century maps of almost 150 cities towns and villages in the republic of ireland most are town plans which were surveyed at either five or ten foot to one mile scale between 1837 and 1896 the remainder were produced by enlargement of the 1 2500 maps between 1892 and 1911 top 10 historic sites in ireland and northern ireland top 10 historic sites in ireland and northern ireland more than 5 000 years of history are revealed through colossal passage tombs the beehive huts of early monasteries and more iconic landmarks