France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories improve French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a whole area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic like its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. additional major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy middle Ages, as soon as its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of broadminded history’s dated republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. similar to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating subsequently the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World suit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World exploit II, but came under movement by the Axis powers in 1940. later than liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and far ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the same way as most retaining close economic and military links following France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country bearing in mind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great gift in global affairs, swine one of the five enduring members of the associated Nations Security Council next the talent to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member declare of the European union and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic deal presidency (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and develop (OECD), the World Trade meting out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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fontainebleau map of fontainebleau 77300 france the city of fontainebleau is a french city located north central of france the city of fontainebleau is located in the department of seine et marne of the french region ile de france map of fontainebleau viamichelin michelin route planner fontainebleau map fontainebleau michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 dynamic map of fontainebleau 77300 map of france here are the street map of fontainebleau the satellite map of fontainebleau and the terrain map of fontainebleau the city of fontainebleau is located in the department of seine et marne of the french region ile de france fontainebleau france map lat long coordinates fontainebleau france lat long coordinates info the latitude of fontainebleau france is 48 404675 and the longitude is 2 701620 fontainebleau france is located at france country in the towns place category with the gps coordinates of 48 24 16 8300 n and 2 42 5 8320 e fontainebleau map france mapcarta fontainebleau is a lovely historic town 55 5 km south of paris france it is renowned for its large and scenic forest that surrounds one almighty chateau once a hunting lodge beloved of the kings of france fontainebleau map france google satellite maps welcome to the fontainebleau google satellite map this place is situated in fontainebleau seine et marne ile de france france its geographical coordinates are 48 24 0 north 2 42 0 east and its original name with diacritics is fontainebleau