France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories combine French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collect area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic next its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. additional major urban areas append Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the tardy center Ages, taking into consideration its victory in the Hundred Years’ court case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s olden republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and traditional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in imitation of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating bearing in mind the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World proceedings I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World deed II, but came below occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. as soon as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and unconventional dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequent to most retaining close economic and military links bearing in mind France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly speaking 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country once the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good talent in global affairs, creature one of the five remaining members of the united Nations Security Council in the manner of the skill to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter acknowledge of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the group of 7, North Atlantic pact presidency (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), the World Trade handing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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maps of brittany france brittany france brittany is a region in france which currently comprises of four departments cote d armor finistere morbihan and ille et vilain brittany has a population of around 4 5 million which is about 6 of the overall population of france according to the 2015 figures google map showing brittany france large brittany maps for free download and print high detailed and high resolution maps of brittany france for free download travel guide to touristic destinations museums and architecture in brittany travel guide to touristic destinations museums and architecture in brittany map of brittany in france maps of brittany bretagne departmental map of brittany brittany s current departmental structure includes morbihan finistere ille et vilaine and cote d armor however before the 1973 french governmental reorganisation brittany also entailed the loire altantique department now part of the pays de la loire region brittany maps france maps of brittany bretagne about brittany the facts departments cotes d armor finistere ille et vilaine morbihan capital rennes cities quimper saint malo brest population map of bretagne map of brittany france france atlas map of bretagne map of brittany this is a map of bretagne in france you can use this map to help find towns for hotels and vacations in towns in brittany near your main hotel holiday destination map of france plan your holiday in france with gite com see a map of france showing holiday homes france is made of 22 regions which are divided into 96 departements every part of france has its own culture character cuisine and history map of france michelin france map viamichelin are you looking for the map of france find any address on the map of france or calculate your itinerary to and from france find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in france the viamichelin map of france get the famous michelin maps the result of more than a century of mapping experience maps of france about france general map of france showing main towns cities this map shows all mainland french regional capitals plus other major regional towns and cities that are not regional capitals check out the index on the right for a lot more thematic and general maps of france guide to places to go in france brittany normandy and france s northern and north western coast is a world unto itself its hundreds of kilometres of coastline ranges from rugged cliffs to quiet sandy beaches fringing a landscape of lush green countryside medieval cities and prehistoric monuments map of france departments regions cities france map the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france this division into departments is between the region and the district arrondissement