Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory along with includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the deserted European country to have a bodily border afterward an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are with part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary taking into consideration Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas count Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula going on for 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along bearing in mind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman adjudicate nearly 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician publish Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and conventional relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly integrate all steadfast independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the beforehand eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to consider most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection without help a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting in the works to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion. subsequent to the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the at the forefront broadminded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were plus many advancements in the arts, when world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish hypothetical work, Don Quixote, was in addition to published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the same way as King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall income country, afterward the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a aficionado of the associated Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking to for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal supervision (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and proceed (OECD), management for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade management (WTO) and many extra international organisations. even though not an credited member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionado of the group.
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city map of madrid pdf turismo en madrid pagina spain s best known street market is one of the oldest in madrid dating back to mediaeval times getting around madrid madrid s excellent transport system allows you to get around the city quickly and safely by bus metro train or taxi map of tourist sights in madrid with monuments squares this interactive tourist map of madrid uses the advanced google maps technology to show the main attractions and sights in spain s capital you can click on the icons to see a brief description of each attraction or the links in the left margin to go direct to that monument madrid tourist map madrid tourist attractions tourist map of madrid this intereractive map uses the flash player technology to show a detailed city center of spain s capital it will find all the information needed to move by the center of the city with data from the top tourist attractions and all phone numbers and addresses madrid maps spain maps gomadrid com recommended check out our map of tourist attractions and also our interactive map of madrid both using the google maps technology drag the maps to move or use the controls to zoom in or out map of madrid hotels and attractions on a madrid map map of madrid area hotels locate madrid hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals spain train routes and map of spain eurail com altaria trains link madrid with cities in the south of spain alvia and arco trains operate between madrid and spain s nothern cities like bilbao and san sebastian euromed trains operate on the route barcelona valencia alicante madrid metro map updated 2019 here s the madrid metro map and other information that may be useful for travelling through the underground tube network of madrid there are four versions of the map geographic schematic as well as versions indicating stations adapted for the disabled or for people with prams or luggage map of spain spain regions rough guides plan your trip around spain with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain from picture perfect villages nestled in the folds of mountains to extravagant architecture spain is a visual treat map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps