Europe is a continent located enormously in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies living thing geography, the house connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old past its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary upon a spectrum rather than following a bright dividing line. The geographic be next to in the middle of Europe and Asia does not follow any disclose boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are plus transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient history and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unbiased era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the middle of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, re all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to broadminded economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the allied States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, later the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a separate diplomatic entity that lies with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the fall of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes attach and immigration controls among most of its member states.
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map west europe travel guide and maps geographicguide political map of western europe copyright c geographic guide travel rijksmuseum museum in amsterdam western europe map western european countries the map of western europe shows the countries that are located in the western part of europe the western european countries include austria belgium france germany liechtenstein luxemburg monaco netherlands switzerland map of western europe western europe political map western europe map western europe is a loose term for the collection of countries in the westernmost region of europe though this definition is context dependent and carries cultural and political connotations europe map maps of europe map of europe with countries and capitals 3750×2013 1 23 mb go to map political map of europe large map of europe easy to read and printable print this map larger printable easier to read european map find below a printable large map of europe from world atlas print this map this page was last updated on september 10 2015 trending on worldatlas the most dangerous cities in the world the largest countries in the world map of western europe tomtom when you own a map update service subscription the latest map may be part of your current subscription you will receive 4 map updates during your subscription of 1 year or 6 map updates during your subscription of 1 5 years