Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is not speaking from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is at odds between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was virtually 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just under 4.8 million stimulate in the Republic of Ireland and just higher than 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, taking into consideration several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but temperamental climate which is clear of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the center Ages. Today, woodland makes up nearly 10% of the island, compared with a European average of greater than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant house bodily species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and therefore agreed moderate, and winters are milder than normal for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The out of date evidence of human presence in Ireland is old-fashioned at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. similar to the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English pronounce did not extend beyond the combine island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English decide was expected to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century. taking into account the Acts of bond in 1801, Ireland became a ration of the associated Kingdom. A prosecution of independence in the forward 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish forgive State, which became increasingly sovereign beyond the afterward decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allocation of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland proverb much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided taking into account a diplomatic attainment in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community while the allied Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allowance of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant put on upon new cultures, especially in the showground of literature. next door to mainstream Western culture, a strong original culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features similar to that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as relationship football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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list of irish kingdoms wikipedia this article lists some of the attested gaelic kingdoms of early medieval ireland prior to the norman invasion of 1169 72 for much of this period the island was divided into numerous clan territories and kingdoms known as tuatha map of ireland s ancient east boyne valley tours ireland s ancient east map stretching from the boyne valley in the north east and ranging through the midlands all the way down via kilkenny s medieval mile to waterford and cork history of ireland 800 1169 wikipedia a large body of contemporary and near contemporary material on early medieval ireland has survived from the titles of works mentioned in these sources it is clear that a great deal of additional material has now been lost new maps of ireland reveal secrets of medieval wealth researchers have pored over centuries old records to create a series of maps revealing the distribution of wealth in medieval ireland what are the best castles to see in ireland aran one of ireland s largest castles kilkenny castle is the magnificent focal point of this medieval town many rooms are open to the public and guided tours are offered many rooms are open to the public and guided tours are offered ireland s medieval mile in kilkenny visitkilkenny ie explore all that kilkenny has to offer both the city and county quietly emanate the very best that ireland has to offer from culture to creativity fine eateries to vibrant nightlife and outdoor adventures to medieval magic this is the place that has something for everybody early gaelic ireland and medieval ireland early gaelic ireland and medieval ireland early gaelic ireland sometime between about 600 and 150 bc celtic peoples from western europe who came to be known as gaels invaded ireland and subdued the previous inhabitants old maps of ireland old maps of ireland on old maps online discover the past of ireland on historical maps ireland s medieval history authentic ireland travel we have a number of ireland vacations with medieval themes contact us to learn more the word medieval conjures up rich brocades ladies at court fine feasts jousting knights early scientists and a world where magic was still very much alive maps of northern ireland old maps online a map of the county of armagh with the harbours of dundalk and carlingford this is a map of north east ireland dating from 1600 an inset in the lower right hand corner shows the fortification of fort mount norris