Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory next includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the on your own European country to have a mammal link up subsequently an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also ration of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little home boundary gone Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas enlarge Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula approaching 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along in the manner of ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman announce nearly 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician publish Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly fuse every surviving independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the beforehand eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to adjudicate most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind forlorn a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting taking place to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering get older across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the initiation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to direction the invasion. bearing in mind the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the upfront unprejudiced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as well as many advancements in the arts, as soon as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish university work, Don Quixote, was after that published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, taking into consideration King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, behind the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing facility parity. It is a enthusiast of the united Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the hold for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact supervision (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and money up front (OECD), handing out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade supervision (WTO) and many new international organisations. while not an qualified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto advocate of the group.
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rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines the lines in blue show high speed train routes the red lines are only suitable for slower trains ave high speed train spain fast trains and train routes with 3 100km of track the spanish high speed ave trains operate on the longest high speed network in europe running at speeds of up to 310 km h this extensive network allows for fast connections between cities in spain rail map spain train in spain happyrail rail map spain trains in spain all high speed trains all night trains all intercity trains complete timetable rail times and fares easy and fast high speed rail lines in spain routes costs spain is developing a network of special high speed track designed for the ave train alta velocidad espanola which translates to spanish high speed although this track can be used for some other train types train connections in spain map ave and times spain high speed ave map of connections times and benefits of getting around by train the national network of spanish railways connects all capitals with madrid and has an ever expanding network of high speed trains ave ave renfe national routes ave in spain ave madrid leon madrid valladolid palencia leon ave madrid seville madrid puerta de atocha ciudad real puertollano cordoba central seville ave wikipedia alta velocidad espanola ave is a service of high speed rail in spain operated by renfe the spanish national railway company at speeds of up to 310 km h 193 mph alta velocidad espanola translates to spanish high speed but the initials are also a play on the word ave meaning bird ave trains in spain high speed rail routes tripsavvy com the ave is the high speed train service in spain with most services running from madrid and a few going north from barcelona you can now reach seville valencia malaga and cordoba as well as travel between madrid and barcelona quicker than you could fly european railway map europe map train travel times traveling with a eurail pass with a eurail pass you can travel in all countries on the europe rail map above now including great britain please note that most high speed trains and all night trains need an advance reservation high speed spanish train tickets renfe spainrail buy your high speed spanish train tickets renfe with up to 70 off in 3 simple steps and with the best customer service