France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories insert French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a entire sum place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into consideration its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. supplementary major urban areas tally up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the late center Ages, similar to its victory in the Hundred Years’ dogfight (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military knack in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of objector history’s out of date republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequently the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous accord of governments culminating gone the initiation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World prosecution I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came below endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. afterward liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was customary and sophisticated dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, later most retaining near economic and military links later than France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the order of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country later than the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, dynamism expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great gift in global affairs, living thing one of the five enduring members of the associated Nations Security Council subsequently the capacity to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot declare of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a member of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic unity government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and evolve (OECD), the World Trade direction (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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2013 tour de france wikipedia the 2013 tour de france was the 100th edition of the tour de france one of cycling s grand tours it started on the island of corsica on 30 june and finished on the champs elysees in paris on 21 july tour de france 2013 wikipedia die tour de france 2013 war die 100 austragung des wichtigsten etappenradrennens der welt sie begann am 29 juni 2013 in porto vecchio und endete am 21 tour de france 2013 route map cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2013 tour de france cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com tour de france 2019 livestreams videos nachrichten frankreich leidet das wetter spielt verruckt der tour ruckblick die tour de france 2019 endet mit dem gesamtsieg des kolumbianers egan bernal tour de france 2013 wikipedia modifier modifier le code modifier wikidata le tour de france 2013 est la 100 e edition du tour de france il a eu lieu du 29 juin au 21 juillet 2013 et part de porto vecchio en corse cette 100 e edition presente comme particularites le premier passage en corse les trois premieres etapes deux fois l ascension de l alpe d huez tour de france 2016 wikipedia quintana war 2013 und 2015 zweiter bei der tour de france und gewann im jahr 2014 den giro d italia zweimal war er bester nachwuchsfahrer und gewann 2013 ausserdem die bergwertung selbst zweimal war er bester nachwuchsfahrer und gewann 2013 ausserdem die bergwertung letour fr official website of tour de france 2019 the tour de france pays tribute to felice gimondi one of its youngest winners before egan bernal felice gimondi was the youngest cyclist to have brought the maillot jaune to paris at the age of 22 years 9 months and 15 days precisely three months more than the colombian 2019 tour de france live video route photos results the game face and winner s smile of 22 year old egan bernal ineos the youngest tour de france champion since wwii and the first colombian winner tour de france 2020 route what can we expect from the the tour de france 2020 june 27 to july 19 is due to pass time in the country s west criss cross to the alps including alpe d huez and back to the pyrenees before its customary