France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collect area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the same way as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. new major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the tardy middle Ages, behind its victory in the Hundred Years’ achievement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of unprejudiced history’s primordial republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. afterward the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating taking into consideration the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World court case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World suit II, but came under doings by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was conventional and vanguard dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, next most retaining near economic and military contacts bearing in mind France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in relation to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country similar to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, living thing one of the five surviving members of the allied Nations Security Council behind the capability to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee let pass of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the activity of 7, North Atlantic harmony organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade giving out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france the tour de france 2019 in english route and map a guide to the route the main feature of the 2019 tour de france is that it is almost entirely in the eastern half of france indeed much of it will be close to france s eastern borders tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to profiles and dates tour de france 2018 route and stages cyclingstage com the 2018 tour de france started july 7th on ile de noirmoutier to finish july 29th on the champs elysees in paris the route takes in cobbles and a number of promising mountain stages tour de france 2019 stage by stage guide route map it seems to be said almost every year but the 2019 tour de france really is a giant the 106th edition features five stage finishes on mountain summits three of which peak at more than 2 000m tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide the route of the 2019 tour de france with stage maps and profile plus accommodation bike hire and tour de france cycling holidays freewheeling france 2018 tour de france route freewheeling france tour de france 2018 route with maps and profiles including accommodation near the route bike hire and tour de france cycling holidays and tours freewheeling france the tour de france 2018 in english route and map a guide to the route the 2018 tour de france breaks with the tradition of recent years in that with the exception of a short non stop excursion into spain near the end of stage 16 the whole race takes place in france tour de france 2020 route what can we expect from the tour de france 2020 route stage two profile stage two will be a major departure from the traditional opening of the tour heading to the mountains on only the second day site officiel du tour de france 2019 letour fr le tour de france salue felice gimondi un de ses plus jeunes vainqueurs avant egan bernal felice gimondi etait le plus jeune a avoir ramene le maillot jaune a paris a 22 ans 9 mois et 15 jours soit precisement trois mois de plus que le colombien