France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories adjoin French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a amassed place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic later than its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. further major urban areas tote up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European faculty in the late center Ages, as soon as its victory in the Hundred Years’ achievement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of futuristic history’s earliest republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in imitation of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous accord of governments culminating later the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World proceedings I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World stroke II, but came under pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. in the same way as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and forward-thinking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequent to most retaining near economic and military connections bearing in mind France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the order of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, dynamism expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good power in global affairs, innate one of the five surviving members of the associated Nations Security Council past the capability to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionado give leave to enter of the European union and the Eurozone, and a believer of the group of 7, North Atlantic concurrence paperwork (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and expand (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to profiles and dates 2019 tour de france stages schedule map live stream cycling s biggest event is here once again for the running of the 2019 tour de france the 21 stage competition runs throughout the month of july testing all different aspects of cycling to crown a champion tour de france 2017 stage maps and profiles revealed the 2017 tour de france is just over a month away and the aso has revealed the routes and profiles for all 21 stages as the grand depart approaches cycling tour de france 2019 stage maps infographic tour de france 2018 stage maps 06 25 2019 graphic news july 6 28 2019 the route of the 2019 tour de france features 30 categorised climbs and five mountain finishes in what the organisers claim will be the highest tour in history tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide the route of the 2019 tour de france with stage maps and profile plus accommodation bike hire and tour de france cycling holidays freewheeling france tour de france 2019 stage by stage guide route map it seems to be said almost every year but the 2019 tour de france really is a giant the 106th edition features five stage finishes on mountain summits three of which peak at more than 2 000m tour de france 2018 route and stages cyclingstage com the 2018 tour de france started july 7th on ile de noirmoutier to finish july 29th on the champs elysees in paris the route takes in cobbles and a number of promising mountain stages the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com tour de france 2019 stages cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling