France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a comprehensive place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic gone its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. other major urban areas insert Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy center Ages, next its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military knack in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of futuristic history’s outdated republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous accord of governments culminating following the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World conflict I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World prosecution II, but came below hobby by the Axis powers in 1940. taking into account liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, when most retaining near economic and military friends like France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving all but 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country behind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, enthusiasm expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great skill in global affairs, beast one of the five unshakable members of the joined Nations Security Council taking into consideration the faculty to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic declare of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic harmony management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and encroachment (OECD), the World Trade doling out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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a map showing the main rivers of france hotels afloat maps of the rivers in france a map showing the main rivers which flow in and through france the most well know are the major rivers such as the seine the rhone and the longest is the loire map of france with rivers and mountains and travel map of map of france with rivers and mountains and travel information map of basins mountains and rivers in france planetware from the paris basin in the north to the massif central pyrenees and western alps in the south france has a varied landscape that also includes many rivers blank map of france rivers and mountains atlas maps reproduced from st hist geo co uk blank map of france with main rivers france physical map free world maps france geography map showing the major geographical features of france france rivers map showing the major rivers and hydrography of france france peaks map showing the highest peaks and mountains in france french rivers a guide to the main rivers in france to understand the rivers of france it is useful to first have a little knowledge of the geography of the country essentially france is mountainous along its eastern border with from north to south the mountains of the vosges jura and alpes with further mountains in south central france massif central and along the southern border with map of the rivers in france about france com the map above shows the principal rivers of france the four main fleuves rivers that flow to the sea are indicated in violet smaller fleuves and rivieres rivers that are tributaries of other rivers are named in black france geography mountains in france rivers in france geography of france 2 facts figures about the country table of contents home page email me facts figures about france basic facts french kids know or should know about their country the 5 mountain ranges the alps on the border with italy with the hightest mountain map of the mountains in france map of the mountains in france the two most important mountain ranges of france are the alps and the pyrenees the highest peak is the mont blanc 4 808 metres above sea level and is in the haute savoie region of the french alps map of france france map showing cities rivers bay of france is on the western edge of europe bordered by the atlantic ocean to the west the english channel and facing the united kingdom to the northwest belgium and luxembourg to the north germany switzerland and italy to the east and the mediterranean sea and spain across the pyrenees mountain to the south