France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories swell French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic like its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. other major urban areas tally Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy middle Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of highly developed history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. when the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating subsequently the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came below hobby by the Axis powers in 1940. in the same way as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and innovative dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, afterward most retaining near economic and military friends later than France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving something like 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing faculty parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capability in global affairs, subconscious one of the five remaining members of the allied Nations Security Council similar to the gift to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast permit of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the activity of 7, North Atlantic deal direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press on (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of tgv train routes and destinations in france the tgv trains a grande vitesse is the express trains of france and connect the major cities of france as well as continuing through to other neighboring european countries that border france of luxembourg belgium spain italy germany and switzerland france railways map and french train travel information the france rail map shows the major rail routes in france in a map of this scale not all of the smaller lines can be included but you should be able to plan your vacation using the lines shown here french railway network map about france com travel travelling by train in france info and tickets click here for selected hotels close to main railway stations in france official map of the french railway network showing high speed routes passenger routes and freight lines france rail map french train itineraries mapping france taking the train in france is convenient easy and now very very fast on most lines below is a map of the major rail lines in france france rail travel toolbox railway maps of france ferrocarta net select an area on the map of france to view a detailed map of that region by clicking on a blue city name you can access directly to a map of urban transport for that city high resolution french rail network map about france com high resolution railway map of france showing passenger and freight lines and high speed rail routes french railway map high resolution about france com the thematic guide to france return to smaller scale map travelling by train in france info and tickets click here for selected hotels close to main railway stations in france slide map or use scrollbars to move round map a high paris train maps tickets schedules routes for paris how to use paris trains from paris airports rer b and metro subway paris trains with maps train tickets passes schedules routes for paris metro trains and paris rer trains in france plus detailed paris train station photo guides train france trains map pass timetables and fares overview france s high speed rail network also connects to neighboring countries all major french cities are connected by tgv the high speed train network which travels at speeds nearly 200 mph considering that france is the size of texas your destinations are now just a whirl away european railway map europe map train travel times train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them europe railway map explore europe by train with interrail railway map train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which major cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them