Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as well as includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the lonely European country to have a swine link up next an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are as a consequence allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary once Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas adjoin Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula almost 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along behind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician publish Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and expected relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly combine every remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the forward eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to judge most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection and no-one else a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering get older across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the launch of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to point the invasion. like the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in advance futuristic period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were furthermore many advancements in the arts, when world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish scholarly work, Don Quixote, was as well as published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the manner of King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall allowance country, once the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the allied Nations (UN), the European linkage (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the handing out of Ibero-American States (OEI), the union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic agreement processing (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and proceed (OECD), dealing out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade doling out (WTO) and many further international organisations. even though not an credited member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto devotee of the group.
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rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com the lines in blue show high speed train routes the red lines are only suitable for slower trains the red lines are only suitable for slower trains spain is also well served by bus service spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation spain train map map of train routes in spain southern spain train map map of train routes in spain spain train map southern europe europe to print spain train map southern europe europe to download rail map spain train in spain happyrail rail map spain trains in spain book now all trains in spain see the map below green lines scenic routes in spain train connections in spain map ave and times spain take a look at the map of main connections in spain for high speed trains ave and other long distance lines renfe spain pass a practical and convenient ticket for tourists this pass allows non residents to travel around spain by train renfe rail network map getspain spain com the official renfe website even when translated into english is not the easiest of sites to navigate over the years we have found that one of the most common searches people make about the renfe network is for renfe maps so that they can work out rail routes across spain train spain trains map pass timetables and fares spain train tickets for trains operating in spain can be booked in advance international trains connect spain with neighbouring countries such as france and portugal book tickets to visit main cities of spain by train spanish cities including madrid barcelona and malaga are all served by trains the spanish rail system routes and costs until relatively recently spain did not have the best of train systems being the second most mountainous country in europe it was often difficult to link certain cities due the mountains and hills in the way ave trains in spain high speed rail routes spain s train stations are generally in the center of town so once you re there you really are there the speed and convenience of the ave mean some of spain s more distant cities can be seen in a day trip from madrid europe railway map explore europe by train with interrail railway map train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which major cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them